# Reaction Time (in seconds) for Baseball Pitches by Speed and Distance

**Related**

**Updates**

- 8/14/2008 account for speed reduction from mound to plate

Hitters have roughly 0.40 seconds reaction time (typically) to:

- determine the type of pitch
- determine if it's a strike or a ball
- determine the speed of the pitched ball
- finish the stride and get their foot down
- get the bat to the ball

**Table 1**.

However, then you realize there may be some other factors involved, such as:

- the pitcher strides in front of the pitching rubber toward the plate before he releases the ball
- the hitter must make contact with the ball well in front of the rear of home plate
- the pitch speed displayed on the radar gun is the speed close to release of the ball, not the average speed

**Table 2**for each age group as follows:

- Deduct from the distance - the pitcher's stride/release point (6 ft for pros, etc.)
- Deduct from the distance - the distance from the back of the plate to the contact point (say one foot)
- Reduce the speed - the speed at the plate averages 9 mph slower than 50ft mark for 100 mph (say 4 mph avg for pros, down to 2mph)

## First Glance Reaction Time - Table 1 |
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Distances in Feet | Radar Gun Speed in mph | ||||||

Distance to Mound | Distance Used | 50 mph | 60 mph | 70 mph | 80 mph | 90 mph | 100 mph |

60.5 feet High School, College and Pro |
60.5 feet | 0.825 sec | 0.688 sec | 0.589 sec | 0.516 sec | 0.458 sec | 0.413 sec |

54 feet 13-14 Pony |
54 feet | 0.736 sec | 0.614 sec | 0.526 sec | 0.46 sec | n/a | n/a |

46 feet 11-12 Major |
46 feet | 0.627 sec | 0.523 sec | 0.448 sec | n/a | n/a | n/a |

40 feet 7-10 PeeWee Minor |
40 feet | 0.545 sec | 0.455 sec | n/a | n/a | n/a | n/a |

## Realistic Reaction Time - Table 2Adjusted for pitcher's stride and release point, hitter's contact point, and pitch speed reduction to plate. |
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Distances in Feet | Speed in mph | ||||||

Distance to Mound | Distance From Pitcher's Hand to Bat Contact |
50 mph (46/47/47/48 mph) |
60 mph (56/57/57/58 mph) |
70 mph (66/67/67 mph) |
80 mph (76/77 mph) |
90 mph (86 mph) |
100 mph (96 mph) |

60.5 feet High School, College and Pro |
53.5 feet | 0.793 sec | 0.651 sec | 0.553 sec | 0.48 sec | 0.424 sec | 0.38 sec |

54 feet 13-14 Pony |
47 feet | 0.682 sec | 0.562 sec | 0.478 sec | 0.416 sec | n/a | n/a |

46 feet 11-12 Major |
40 feet | 0.58 sec | 0.478 sec | 0.407 sec | n/a | n/a | n/a |

40 feet 7-10 PeeWee Minor |
35 feet | 0.497 sec | 0.411 sec | n/a | n/a | n/a | n/a |